Difference between revisions of "Lossless"

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(Revamp intro for clarity)
(More Oddball & Eternal links (dead/broken), Stike Thru.)
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There are several old lossless formats that aren't really deserving of having an article all for themselves. Reasons are: lack of widespread support, lack of features, bad efficiency and, most importantly, it seems noone is really interested in them.
 
There are several old lossless formats that aren't really deserving of having an article all for themselves. Reasons are: lack of widespread support, lack of features, bad efficiency and, most importantly, it seems noone is really interested in them.
  
Most of those would have disappeared by now, but they are being preserved for posterity at [[User:Rjamorim|rjamorim]]'s [http://www.rjamorim.com/rrw/ ReallyRareWares]
+
Most of those would have disappeared by now, but they are being preserved for posterity at [[User:Rjamorim|rjamorim]]'s [<s>http://www.rjamorim.com/rrw/</s> ReallyRareWares ]
  
 
; Advanced Digital Audio (ADA)
 
; Advanced Digital Audio (ADA)
* http://www.rjamorim.com/rrw/ada.html
+
* <s>http://www.rjamorim.com/rrw/ada.html</s>
  
 
; Marian's a-Pac
 
; Marian's a-Pac
 
* http://www.marian.de/en/downloads#APAC
 
* http://www.marian.de/en/downloads#APAC
* http://www.rjamorim.com/rrw/apac.html
+
* <s>http://www.rjamorim.com/rrw/apac.html</s>
  
 
; AudioZip
 
; AudioZip
* http://www.rjamorim.com/rrw/audiozip.html
+
* <s>http://www.rjamorim.com/rrw/audiozip.html</s>
  
 
; Dakx WAV
 
; Dakx WAV
* http://www.dakx.com/
+
* <s>http://www.dakx.com/</s>
* http://www.rjamorim.com/rrw/daxwav.html
+
* <s>http://www.rjamorim.com/rrw/daxwav.html</s>
  
 
; Entis Lab MIO
 
; Entis Lab MIO
* http://www.entis.gr.jp/eri/frame.html
+
* <s>http://www.entis.gr.jp/eri/frame.html</s>
* http://www.rjamorim.com/rrw/mio.html
+
* <s>http://www.rjamorim.com/rrw/mio.html</s>
  
 
; LiteWave
 
; LiteWave
* http://www.clearjump.com/products/LiteWave.html
+
* <s>http://www.clearjump.com/products/LiteWave.html</s>
* http://www.rjamorim.com/rrw/litewave.html
+
* <s>http://www.rjamorim.com/rrw/litewave.html</s>
  
 
; Pegasus SPS
 
; Pegasus SPS
 
* http://www.krishnasoft.com/sps.htm
 
* http://www.krishnasoft.com/sps.htm
* http://www.rjamorim.com/rrw/pegasussps.html
+
* <s>http://www.rjamorim.com/rrw/pegasussps.html</s>
  
 
; RKaudio
 
; RKaudio
* http://www.msoftware.co.nz/downloads_page.php
+
* <s>http://www.msoftware.co.nz/downloads_page.php</s>
* http://rksoft.virtualave.net/rkau.html
+
* <s>http://rksoft.virtualave.net/rkau.html</s>
  
 
; Split2000
 
; Split2000
* http://www.rjamorim.com/rrw/split2000.html
+
* <s>http://www.rjamorim.com/rrw/split2000.html</s>
  
 
; Sonarc
 
; Sonarc
* http://www.rjamorim.com/rrw/sonarc.html
+
* <s>http://www.rjamorim.com/rrw/sonarc.html</s>
  
 
; VocPack
 
; VocPack
* http://www.rjamorim.com/rrw/vocpack.html
+
* <s>http://www.rjamorim.com/rrw/vocpack.html</s>
  
 
; WavArc
 
; WavArc
* http://www.rjamorim.com/rrw/wavarc.html
+
* <s>http://www.rjamorim.com/rrw/wavarc.html</s>
  
 
; WaveZip/MUSICompress
 
; WaveZip/MUSICompress
* http://members.aol.com/_ht_a/sndspace/
+
* <s>http://members.aol.com/_ht_a/sndspace/</s>
* http://www.rjamorim.com/rrw/wavezip.html
+
* <s>http://www.rjamorim.com/rrw/wavezip.html</s>
  
 
Note that currently '''no single format can be considered best for all applications'''. Rather, the best format depends on the ''intended use'', as well as a number of other factors (such as licensing and file structure). For example, Shorten and FLAC are widely used for sharing live music because of their cross-platform support and speed. Monkey's Audio is popular among Windows users for its superior compression ratio.
 
Note that currently '''no single format can be considered best for all applications'''. Rather, the best format depends on the ''intended use'', as well as a number of other factors (such as licensing and file structure). For example, Shorten and FLAC are widely used for sharing live music because of their cross-platform support and speed. Monkey's Audio is popular among Windows users for its superior compression ratio.
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''Note the specific assumptions and limitations of each comparison; in particular, results are sensitive to the music selected'''
 
''Note the specific assumptions and limitations of each comparison; in particular, results are sensitive to the music selected'''
  
; http://web.inter.nl.net/users/hvdh/lossless/lossless.htm : Includes an interesting graph of encode/decode speeds vs. file size on the All Albums page
+
; <s>http://web.inter.nl.net/users/hvdh/lossless/lossless.htm</s> : Includes an interesting graph of encode/decode speeds vs. file size on the All Albums page
  
 
; [[Lossless comparison]] : A comparision focusing more on codec features and less on absolute encoding efficiency. Also features a table comparing most popular codecs based on their features.
 
; [[Lossless comparison]] : A comparision focusing more on codec features and less on absolute encoding efficiency. Also features a table comparing most popular codecs based on their features.
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== External Links ==
 
== External Links ==
* [http://www.losslessaudioblog.com/ The Lossless Audio Blog] Lossless Audio News & Information Site.
+
* <s>[http://www.losslessaudioblog.com/ The Lossless Audio Blog]</s>  Lossless Audio News & Information Site.
  
 
[[Category:Codecs]]
 
[[Category:Codecs]]

Revision as of 11:53, 19 October 2012

Compression is lossless when decoding the compressed data gives a result which is identical bit-by-bit to the uncompressed original.

Generic file compression formats, like ZIP or RAR, are lossless. However, trying to compress raw audio with those generally results in files which are only slightly- if at all- smaller than the originals. Lossless audio formats take advantage of knowledge about real-world audio data to provide compression ratios averaging around 50% on most music.

Lossy encoders only attempt to approximate the sound of the original waveform rather than preserving all the information present in it. Losslessly compressed audio will therefore unavoidably be larger than audio compressed with any reasonable lossy encoder. However, this disadvantage is offset by lossless files' ability to be transcoded to other lossless formats without any quality degradation.

Popular lossless formats

Oddball Formats

There are several old lossless formats that aren't really deserving of having an article all for themselves. Reasons are: lack of widespread support, lack of features, bad efficiency and, most importantly, it seems noone is really interested in them.

Most of those would have disappeared by now, but they are being preserved for posterity at rjamorim's [http://www.rjamorim.com/rrw/ ReallyRareWares ]

Advanced Digital Audio (ADA)
Marian's a-Pac
AudioZip
Dakx WAV
Entis Lab MIO
LiteWave
Pegasus SPS
RKaudio
Split2000
Sonarc
VocPack
WavArc
WaveZip/MUSICompress

Note that currently no single format can be considered best for all applications. Rather, the best format depends on the intended use, as well as a number of other factors (such as licensing and file structure). For example, Shorten and FLAC are widely used for sharing live music because of their cross-platform support and speed. Monkey's Audio is popular among Windows users for its superior compression ratio.

Comparisons

Note the specific assumptions and limitations of each comparison; in particular, results are sensitive to the music selected'

http://web.inter.nl.net/users/hvdh/lossless/lossless.htm 
Includes an interesting graph of encode/decode speeds vs. file size on the All Albums page
Lossless comparison 
A comparision focusing more on codec features and less on absolute encoding efficiency. Also features a table comparing most popular codecs based on their features.
http://members.home.nl/w.speek/comparison.htm 
Performance Comparison of Lossless Audio Compressors - Compares file size, encode speed, decode speed for APE, FLAC, LPAC, WavPack, Shorten (SHN), RKAU, OptimFROG, LA, WMA Lossless. Updated 5-2003
http://www.bobulous.org.uk/misc/lossless_audio_2006.html 
Lossless audio formats - A comparison of the rip-and-encode speed and album file size of six different lossless formats: uncompressed Wave, FLAC, WavPack, Shorten, Monkey's Audio, and OptimFROG. First published on 22nd May 2006.

External Links